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TAMBOPATA NATIONAL RESERVE

Officially established in 1990 as Tambopata – Candamo Reserve Zone. It is located in the East and in the South of Puerto Maldonado. The Tambopata National Reserve and has 1,5 million hectares in the Madre de Dios and Puno regions.

The Tambopata National Reserve has been object of many TV documentaries. We invite you to visit one of the biggest Macaw clay lick around the world. You can also visit the pristine Sandoval Lake. In this region you can walk for a mile through the jungle and never find two trees of the same species. The most important reason of this diversity is because of the flora, the million species such as insects and animals and the warm and humid weather.

This reserve is almost as large as the Manu National Park and protects a huge diversity of landscapes and wildlife, including creeks with different species such as egrets, kingfishers, caimans and giant otters, spectaculars cascades, beautiful clay licks that are visited by hundreds of macaws, monkeys and tapirs; marshes full of palm trees where many birds live in, rivers with beautiful beaches to go camping. All those things attract tourists, scientists and photographers of wildlife.

reserva nacional de tambopata

The Tambopata – Candamo region owns many worldwide records in flora and fauna with 632 species of birds in just 5,500 hectares, 1200 species of butterflies, 151 species of dragonflies, 29 species of tiger beetles, 180 species of fishes and 169 species of mammals.

In 1996, part of the Tambopata Reserved Zone was stated Bahuaja-Sonene National Park. This new protected area that limits with the Madidi National Park in Bolivia is part of the biggest binational Park around the world.

Tambopata – Candamo puede ser visitada durante todo el año..

Macaw Clay Lick

The “Collpa” (Clay lick) is a Quechua name where many species of animals gather to get mineral salts from the ground. Scientists believe that this behavior is the dietary supplement of these animals. However, others believe that the ingestion of the ground reduces toxic effects of some wild fruits and seeds.

The Tambopata National Reserve become famous because of the spectacular clay licks in the Tambopata river. Hundreds of species of parrots and macaws gather in this place. Also there are smaller clay licks in the Heath River.

Some of the common species seen in these places are blue and yellow macaw, scarlet macaw, red and green macaw, blue headed macaw and some parakeets. Monkeys, tapirs, deers and capybaras are also seen very frequently.

The Chuncho clay lick is a small Cliff located lengthwise of the Tambopata inflowing, 5 hours upstream from Puerto Maldonado. (40 minutes from Monte Amazonico Lodge).

The “Colorado” clay lick is located to 1 hour upstream from the Chuncho clay lick; it is bigger than the Chuncho clay lick too.

Las Pampas del Heath

They are located close to the border with Bolivia and have huge grassland zones with more than 100.000 hectares. There are no rainforest, just bushes. The fauna is very rich and two endemic species live here, the Maned Wolf and the Marsh Deer. This is the only zone that shows these characteristics, unique inside the Peruvian jungle. That’s why it was not considered as a National Sanctuary at the beginning and recently it was included as part of the Bahuaja Sonene National Park.

 Tambopata National Reserve, area protegida 

Tambopata River

The Tambopata River crosses the Tambopata Reserve from East to West, giving you the opportunity to visit many attractive places while touring. The Andean side of the River until the confluence with the Malinowski River is called Upper Tambopata River.

The Upper Tambopata River

 tambopata reserve

The Tambopata River springs from the snowy hills on the 3.900 meters that covers the Peruvian – Bolivian High Andean in the coordinates (14°28′44″S 69°1′23″O) in La Paz department. This River goes over 66 kilometers through Bolivian territory until the coordinates ( 13°53′08″S 68°58′38″O) where forms the border between Peru and Bolivia in a distance of 58 kilometers until the attendance of the Colorado River where gets into Peruvian territory. In its beginning descent to the Amazon plain, forms cascades when it passes through deep valleys and canyons.

Under the 3.000 meters this River impales a tropical ecosystem that usually is covered by clouds, known as the  misty forest.  When it gets to the Amazon plain.

In its run, the Tambopata River crosses the Tambopata Reserve. Here we can find the Candamo Region and the biggest Macaw clay licks (Chuncho and Colorado). It is a really paradise for birdwatchers and wildlife lovers.

While the River passes, we can see many attractive places; the water is crystal clear, and the shores have beaches that make the Sightseeing of flora and fauna easier.

The closeness to the Andean Mountain range, the loneliness impression due to the lack of close towns and permanent people, contributes to have a great biodiversity, the  greatest existing around the world.

The Lower Tambopata River

Under the 500 m, the elevation of the jungle gets into the rainforest and the Tambopata River is a quiet, vast and winding River inside theTambopata Reserve. It is located between the Malinowski and Madre de Dios River in Puerto Maldonado (Capital of the Madre de Dios Region, with 40.000 inhabitants aproximately), in this sector the Tambopata River shows developed winding paths that are in favor of lake formations loaded in wildlife of both sides and the main are:

»  Tres Chimbadas Lake
»  Cocococha Lake
»  Sachavacayoc Lake
»  Condenado Lake

Lodging in the Jungle

» Monte Amazonico  Lodge in tambopata reserve

enlaces de interes: rio tambopata 

PUERTO MALDONADO

Biodiversity is the word that close on many things that Puerto Maldonado has; vast forests, huge rivers and a big variety of animals and vegetation. Its capital, Puerto Maldonado is a necessary stop throughout the trail to the National Parks and National Reserves located in the area to get the entrance fee and the authorizations. Years ago Madre de Dios was an important place in rubber, Wood, gold and petroleum export; nowadays the ecoturism and brazil nut extraction are the main economic activities in this region.

Puerto MaldonadoAt 10 km aproximately from Puerto Maldonado and 1 hour and a half walking, you will find the Saldoval Lake, sorrounded of aguaje palm trees, orchids, kapok trees, mahogani and many more palm trees with more than 30 meters high. The Lake is home of a vast variety of animals such as parrots, macaws, toucans, egrets, tortoises, tapirs and is refuge of black caimans and the giant river otter, both indangered species.

At 60 km from Puerto Maldonado by the Madre de Dios River is located the Valencia Lake, around this Lake there are many Native Communities. These natives are good fishers and depend on this activity, they usually catch tiger catfishes and pirarucus. This area is also full of flora and fauna.

One of the most important National Parks  around the world is the Manu National Park with 1,716,295 hectares, located in the Cusco and Madre de Dios region. This Park protects more than 800 species of birds, 200 species of mammals, huge trees and is home of many native communities. This Park owns the World Record in Birdwatching in a specific place in just 1 day, with 324 species.

Another National Park is the Tambopata – Candamo National Park with 274,690 hectares, which is knwon for having more diversity of mammals, trees, insects and birds around the world, also for owning the World Record of butterfly species.

But the Tambopata – Candamo and Manu National Park are not the only ones, the Bahuaja – Sonene National Park with 1,091,416 hectares is the third Park in this area, which owns the only tropical savanna in Peru. In this area two endemic species live, the Maned Wolf and the Marsh Deer, also the giant otter, the short eared dog, the black caiman, the anteater and the harpy Eagle.

Useful Information

ALTITUDE
Capital: 
Puerto Maldonado (183 masl).

Minimun: 183 masl (Puerto Maldonado).
Maximum: 500 masl (Boca Manu).

Weather
Puerto Maldonado city has a warm and  humid weather (Tropical weather). Te máximum weather  average is 26ºC (77ºF) and the minimum is 8ºC (24ºF). The rainy season is from December to March.

Ways to Get:
Terrestrial: Lima-Arequipa-Cusco-Puerto Maldonado: 2180 km
(51 hours by bus).
Lima-Nasca-Abancay-Cusco-Puerto Maldonado: 1621 km
(49 hours by bus).
Cusco-Puerto Maldonado: 527 km (30 hours by bus).
Aereal Flights from Lima (1 hour and a half) and Cusco (30 minutes).

DISTANCE FROM PUERTO MALDONADO TO:
Salvación (Manu District) / 1 hour to Puerto – Laberinto by bus and 3 days by motor boat.
Iñapari (Tahuamanu District) 244 km / 4 hours by car.

enlaces: google maps